A hernia is a defect in the abdominal wall, in which the inner layers of the abdominal muscle have damaged resulting in a bulge or tear. That is an inner tube drives through a damaged tire, the inner lining of the abdomen pushes through the weakened area of the abdominal wall to form a small bubble or balloon-like sac. When a loop of intestine or abdominal tissue drives into the sac, intense pain and other potentially severe complications can result. Both men and women can get a hernia.
Hernias are of different types among them the most common type is the groin or inguinal hernia. Hernia may also can be seen in the umbilicus (umbilical hernia), through old abdominal scars (incisional hernia), through the muscles in the upper abdomen (ventral hernia) or alongside blood vessels running into the thigh (femoral hernia).
Hernia can be repaired through laproscopic surgery. In this minimal invasive technique the surgeon makes a cut over the area of the hernia. The bulging tissue or organ is placed back inside the muscle wall, the muscle tissue is repaired, and the skin is closed. In many inguinal hernia repairs, a small piece of plastic mesh is used to repair the defect in the muscle tissue.
The discomfort of the operation can make it difficult to pass urine and empty the bladder. It is important that your bladder does not seize up completely. If you can’t pass water, and this can sometimes happen soon after an operation, let the doctor or nurses know. It may be that you need a catheter (fine plastic draining tube) put in your bladder for a few days.
Only after various stages of examinations your surgeon determines whether laparoscopic hernia repair is perfect for you. The procedure may not be best for some patients who have had previous abdominal surgery or have underlying medical conditions.
The wound may be closed with stitches or clips which need to be taken out 10 to 14 days after the operation. Sometimes there are stitches under the skin instead. These melt away and they don’t need to be removed. A plaster on the wound makes it more comfortable.
Most hernia operations are performed on an outpatient basis- the patient will go home on the same day that the operation is performed. You should refrain from eating or drinking after midnight on the night prior to the operation.Some preoperative testing may be required depending on your medical condition and the type of anesthesia needed for your operation. You should discuss with your surgeon the proper timing of discontinuing some medications before your operation.
Since the success of the laparoscopy depends on the skill of the surgeon. Dr. K.N.Srikanth, general laparoscopic surgeon, has thoroughly been performing laparoscopic treatment for the past 2 decades.