Inguinal Hernia Repair
An inguinal hernia is a state in which intra-abdominal fat or part of the small intestine, bulges through a fragile area in the lower abdominal muscles. An inguinal hernia occurs in the groin—the area between the abdomen and thigh. This type of hernia is called inguinal because fat or part of the intestine slides through a weak area at the inguinal ring, the opening to the inguinal canal. An inguinal hernia can happen any time from childhood to adulthood and is much more common in males than females. Inguinal hernias tend become larger with time.
Inguinal hernias in newborns and children result from a weakness in the abdominal wall that's present at birth. Sometimes the hernia may be visible only when an infant is crying, coughing or straining during a bowel movement. In an older child, a hernia is likely to be clearer when the child coughs and strains during a bowel movement or stands for a long period of time.
Some of the main causes for Inguinal hernias are increased pressure within the abdomen, pre-existing weak spot in the abdominal wall, combination of increased pressure within the abdomen and a pre-existing weak spot in the abdominal wall, straining during bowel movements or urination, heavy lifting, fluid in the abdomen, pregnancy, excess weight and heavy coughing or sneezing.
Most people who have laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair are scheduled as outpatients -able to go home the same day. Inguinal hernia recovery time is about 1 to 2 weeks. Studies have found that people have less pain after laparoscopic hernia repair than after open hernia surgery.
An inguinal hernia repair is a surgery to push the bulge back into place and to strengthen the abdominal wall. The surgery is necessary as, if left untreated, the herniated tissue can get trapped and have its blood supply cut off (known as a strangulated hernia). Emergency surgery within hours is necessary to release the intended tissue and restore its blood supply so it does not die.
The wound may be closed with stitches or clips which need to be taken out 10 to 14 days after the operation. Sometimes there are stitches under the skin instead. These melt away and they don't need to be removed. A plaster on the wound makes it more comfortable.
Since the success of the Inguinal hernia repair procedure depends on the skill of the surgeon. Dr. K.N.Srikanth, general laparoscopic surgeon, has thoroughly been performing laparoscopic treatment for the past 2 decades.
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